Ancient Phoenician city of the wells (Bir = Wells),
rising above a promontory reaching out into the sea,
with its back to soaring Mount Lebanon, right in the
center of the straight North-South coast of the Eastern
the great days of Rome, it was the seat of celebrated
school of law, rivaling those of Alexandria and Athens.
Since 1920 it has been the capital of Lebanon, with
a million inhabitants and an intensely active and
thoroughly modern international airport.
is the seat of the Lebanese Parliament, with 128 deputies,
and the fine, spacious Martyrs' Square facing the
sea, as well as very old churches and mosques and
a valuable archeological museum.
has first-class hospitals - the American Hospital,
Hôtel Dieu, Saint George's and Jettawi. There
are very lively shopping centers and bazaars, and
in the hinterland there are picturesque villages scattered
over the lower slopes of the Lebanese mountain range.
Visitors gather to contemplate the Pigeon grotto rising
out of the sea, an arched rock marking the Beirut
Short, Beirut is a city with every kind of tourist,
artistic and cultural attraction. See it for yourself!
Lebanese Parliament Place de l’Étoile (Article
Parliament Building, where the representatives of
the people hold their sessions, stands right in the
center of ancient Beirut, over remains that date back
to the Romans, remains to be more precise of the Faculty
or School of Roman Law, the first of its kind in the
was in Lebanon, more than three thousand years ago,
that democracy first saw the light, with freedom and
the right to express oneself, and with equality between
men and women. For it was at Tyre that Dido, Elissar
as she is also known, rose in revolt against her brother,
wishing to receive her share of the paternal inheritance
and finally fleeing Tyre for Carthage, where she founded
a commercial empire that was the rival of Rome for
several centuries and which produced the brilliant
strategist named Hannibal.
antiquity, was not Lebanon always a center of resistance,
of new ideas, of contestation and of dialogue, where
advanced theories and concepts of civilization and
progress took shape?
important role did it not play at the time of the
Arab Renaissance or “Nahda” in the nineteenth century?
Our Parliament was founded after the First World War
under the influence of the French, at a square called
the Étoile, the Star, facing a clock in its
center imitating on a smaller scale that of Paris
and the Arc de Triomphe.
from the outside, this national building appears constructed
of hewn stone, ochre color and of Renaissance style,
with steps rising up to a solemn archway at the entrance
where one must mount a few steps more and cross some
level stretches in order to reach the hemicycle.
is a semicircular hall where sit the Speaker, the
ministers and the deputies. Here nearly all the Presidents
of the Republic have been elected and here also many
historic decisions have been taken and decrees and
laws proclaimed. Here the President takes the solemn
oath of office, in this building in Lebanon which
is the one country in the Arab Middle East where democracy
reigns in its entirety. This fine monument of the
Parliament was restored after the conflict of the
late twentieth century and modernized to allow for
every function. There are some tiers of seats for
the Speaker of Parliament and the ministers of the
government, rising semicircles of places for the deputies
and places for journalists, representatives of the
media and television operators. Smaller rooms around
allow for meetings of caucuses party groups.
Beirut from the sky: >> View
Movie << (2001-08-01)
- Beirut, Parliament Square: >> View
Movie << (2000-12-01)
Hall of Beirut Parliament from inside:
Movie << (2009-04-01)
- Beirut, Parliament Square by Night: >> View
Movie << (2000-12-01)
- Beirut, Ryad El Solh Square: >> View
Movie << (2004-05-01)