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Panoramic Views > Bekaa > West Beqaa > Kamed El Lawz

Kamed El Lawz

Bearing an Aramaic name, this town lies in the South Beqaa district forty-five miles from the capital Beirut at over three thousand feet above sea level. It may be reached through Shtaura and Jeb-Jannine, through El-Masnaa, or through Kafraya and Jeb-Jannine.

South-east of the Beqaa plain, a couple of miles from Jannine, is an ancient artificial mound, one of the highest in the valley, called Tel Boot, the Hillock, formed of levels that have accumulated over the centuries and hide remains from times of Phoenician, Pharaonic, Hellenic and Arab domination. The strata of ancient occupation cover from Neolithic times and the fifth millennium B.C. down to the present day.

It is easy to understand that this village is full of remains and of mysteries. Archeologists have made one discovery after another, particularly the team of German scientists which undertook thorough research of remains starting with the Stone Age and then the Bronze Age, and so one down to modern times. They worked through the nineteen-fifties down to the ‘eighties and suspended operations only when oblige to do so by the fighting in Lebanon.

The results obtained from the excavations were spectacular and very important for the history of the region. They revealed many urban structures including defense systems, temples, palaces, dwellings, workshops, and burial-grounds. They brought up pottery and domestic appliances, ornaments and luxury items and above all records written on clay tablets. These confirmed the identity of Tel el-Kamed as the site of Kumidi, a town mentioned in the fourteenth century in the Tel el-Amarna letters. This seems to have been the center of an Egyptian colony in the region. Remains of the Phoenician town of Kamed el-Lowz suggest trade with the Egyptians, the Greeks and the Romans. As well as this historic “tel”, on the mountain slopes nearby there are grottoes and cellars where one may find shards of pottery engraved with the Phoenician alphabet.

But life on the Tel seems to have slowed down during the time of Persian dominance. For reasons that are not evident, the inhabitants decided to move further south to the present site of the village, which in fact apparently covers the ground of the settlement existing during Persian, Greek and Roman times. It is to the south of the village that one finds the burial grounds of classical times.

There are too the quarries used by the Caliph al-Waleed ben Abdel Malek for the building of Anjar on the eighth century.

The village is very agreeable and gives a wide view over the plain in the valley. There is the mosque of Anas ben Malek built in 1883, lake Baydar, a forest, a public garden and the Habs (Prison) grotto. Farming is prosperous thanks to the orchards, woodland and springs of water, and from June till September the village is a summer resort.

Every year the town authorities organize a three-day festival, with displays of art and handicrafts and the sale of the many kinds of local agricultural products for winter provisions such as borghol, kishk, liqueurs and jams.

Joseph Matar - Translation from the French : Kenneth Mortimer

- Kamed El Lawz: >> View Movie << (2015-06-01)

- Kamed El Lawz: >> View Movie << (2015-06-01)


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