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Panoramic Views > Mount Lebanon > Jbeil-Byblos > Villages (from Byblos Exclusive)


FATRI – ADONIS

Altitude: Adonis 520 m. – Fatri 500 m.
Distance from district: Adonis 22 km – Fatri 23 km
Distance from capital: Adonis 46 km – Fatri 45 km
Population: Adonis 619 – Fatri 2230

How to reach it?
Jbeil – Nahr Ibrahim – Beir Heit – Adonis
Jbeil – Nahr Ibrahim – Beir Heit – Fatri

Etymology, Fatri

In the Semitic and Phoenician languages, the name is derived from the word (Fatar) which means departure and separation.

Historical overview

Fatri separated the coast of Byblos from Afqa's mountain back in the days of Adonis worship in the Phoenician era. Many roads, still visible today, used to branch out of Fatri, whether leading up to bill tops or to the bottom of the Holy Valley. Many wells found in the region point to its being a station for the convoys from Afqa's temple. It also holds an old, historic bridge.

Etymology, Adonis

The origin of the name Adonis was Hamidi, pertaining to the Hamada family. Later known as Hamiri, and was recently replaced by Adonis, named after the Phoenician god 'Adonis'.

Historical overview

Adonis was one of the places where rituals for the god Adonis were celebrated in the spring of every year. The artifacts discovered in Adonis show that it was part of the Roman road.

Sites to visit:

In Fatri:
Our Lady's old church: It was constructed in year 1830 upon the ruins of a temple which foundation is still visible.
Our Lady of the Well's parish church: Built in 1810, the remains of a Byzantine church dating back to the sixth generation AD were found when digging its foundation. It was named Our Lady of the Well due to the old wells nearby.
In Adonis:
St. Joseph's church. St. Doumit church in the Burj area in Sannour. It was built late nineteenth century.
Foyer of charity - Our Lady of Providence center: It is one of 75 foyers spread worldwide, and a center for spiritual retreats.

How to spend your time:

In Fatri:

Take part in the Assumption day on August 15.
Go down to Adonis Valley and cross over to the other side - to Ftouh Keserwan.
Go hunting, in accordance with the laws.

In Adonis:

Take part in the religious celebrations: St. Doumit's day on August 7, St. Joesph's day on March 19, St. Anthony's day on January 17, and the Assumption day on August 15.
Walk along the paved Roman road.
Book a room in the Foyer of Charity to pray, meditate and connect with your inner self.

Fatri and Adonis are known for

Their abundant monuments.
Their factories and commercial and touristic establishments.
Encompassing the oldest schools in the area.

Institutions
In Fatri:
Municipal Council and Mayor Council - Telephone center - Dispensary.
In Adonis: Mayor Council - nursery - convent and primary school.

AFQA – GHABAT

Altitude: Afqa 1200 m. – Ghabat 1050 m.
Distance from district: Afqa 47 km – Ghabat 44 km
Distance from capital: Afqa 71 km – Ghabat 74 km
Population: Afqa 3516  – Ghabat 70

How to reach it?
Nahr Ibrahim – Bir Al Heit – Mashnaqa – Qartaba, Afka – Ghabat
Jbeil – Ehmej – Akoura – Afqa – Ghabat

Etymology, Ghabat

The name means forest in Syriac. It could also mean imprisonment, pressure, strain. In Arabic it means a dense forest.

Historical overview

In Ghabat we find remains of temples from the Phoenician era where worshiping rituals for Adonis were performed.

Etymology, Afqa

Aphca in Latin means a famous historical site. Nfac in Syriac means to exit or flow, since Nahr Ibrahim flows from Afqa. In the Semitic language Afqa means a fortified place, as the town was a stronghold for the worship of the Phoenician god, Adonis.

Historical overview

Within its land lie the remains of a temple once dedicated to Astrate, where all sorts of obscenity were practiced, before Emperor Constantine ordered the aforementioned temple to be demolished in the year 523 AD. Eventually, the temple of Venus in Afqa was converted-into a Christian temple.

Sites to visit:

In Ghabat:

St. John Maroon parish church: The ruins and remains of old constructions situated in the Shawiya area.

In Afqa:
Afqa grotto: Made up of a cliff in the shape of a wide, spacious crescent moon with an altitude of 600 to 700 meters. In its midst lies a cave where water flows between the rocks like waterfalls. The remains of Venus temple: All that is left are large remains over the roof of a building that slopes toward the south. The Imam Husseini mosque -  Our Lady of Afqa Church: This old church stands at the entrance to Afqa facing Mnaitira.

How to spend your time:

In Ghabat:

Visit the old ruins in Shawiya.
Practice your hunting hobby in accordance with the laws.
Participate in St. John Maroon celebration on the 2nd of March.

In Afqa:
Visit the grotto and the ruins of the surrounding pagan temples. Have a cup of coffee in the café situated under the bridge facing the grotto in Afqa.
Have a walk among the many juniper trees that have been used to build railroads during World War ll. Go horseback riding, camping and practicing the Tiro…

Ghabat is known for

Its abundant water (potable and for irrigation).
The towering mountains surrounding it (in the Shawiya).
 Its location at the mouth of Nahr Ibrahim steep valley.

Afqa is known for

Cattle breeding and vegetable, apple, pear, apricot and almond crops.

Institutions
In Ghabat:
Mayor Council - Agricultural Cooperative.
In Afqa: Mayor council - Public elementary school.

AKOURA

Altitude: 1350 meters
Distance from district: 30 km
Distance from capital: 68 km
Population: Around 14.000

How to reach it?
Jbeil – Annaya – Ehmej – Laklouk – Akoura

Etymology

In Syriac, Akoura is derived from Ein Koura, which means cold spring. In the Semitic language, it means sterile or barren, meaning the barren land.

Historical overview

Akoura was inhabited at different historic periods, starting with Arameans, Phoenicians, Assyrians, Greeks and Romans. Among its major monuments are the Hkoul El chabab (Youth Fields) Rock, St. Peter's church – which is carved into the rocks – sarcophagi also carved into the rocks on the eastern mountain, temples and bridges in St. Edna, Mokbel el Lawz, Wady Dbour valley, and a road that connects Keserwan, through Majdel – Afqa-Oyoun El Siman, with the Bekaa, across a natural, narrow pass. There is also the Ruwais grotto in Akoura, which was inhabited by the prehistoric human being, considering that a natural bridge lies 20 meters above the winter river flowing from the grotto. This bridge connects Akoura with Mnaitra.

Sites to visit:

Our Lady's parish church: It used to be a pagan temple; recurring earthquakes weakened its foundation, and it was agreed in the sixties of the past century that it should be demolished and a church built in its place.
Saydet El Qarn church-Laklouk: It was a temple dedicated to Venus, and turned later on into a church. It was located at the top of the mountain, but it moved down as a result of an earthquake. Saydet El Habes convent: An old convent where many bishops used to reside. Only a sanctuary remains of the building.
St. George parish church: It stands on the foundations of a temple dedicated to the Sun God Apollo.
Sts. Peter and Paul church: It contains sarcophagi, gold and silver coins that may be Roman in origin, and Syriac inscriptions.
St. Simon the Stylite church: It is situated to the west of the Roman road, with a column beside it.
St. Adnaos convent: Built in the year 509 in Harbata. The bishops of Akoura used it as a headquarters for a long time.

How to spend your time in Akoura:

Visit the Ruwais grotto, considered one of the biggest in Lebanon.
Cross the Roman road etched into the mountain.
Climb up to Ras Al Khadam, the Roman fortress standing at the top of the mountain, facing the north side of Akoura.
Participate in the celebrations and festivities held on Sts. Peter and Paul's day on June 29, and the Assumption Day on August 15.

Akoura is known for

Its abundant springs: Ruwais spring, the Village spring, Massoud's spring, and the Monk's spring…
Its abundant churches and convents.
Its abundant agricultural products.

Institutions
Mayor Council and Municipal Council – Police quarters – Post office – Lebanese army barrack -Complementary school – Cultural, sports and social club.

ALMAT – AIN AL DELBEH

Altitude: Almat 950 m. – Ain Al Delbeh 1020 m.
Distance from district: Almat 16 km – Ain Al Delbeh 20 km
Distance from capital: Almat 51 km – Ain Al Delbeh 50 km
Population: Almat 8650 – Ain Al Delbeh 600

How to reach it?
Jbeil – Hboub – Kfarbaal – Torzaya – Almat - Ain Al Delbeh
Jbeil – Blat – Bshelleh – Hsoun – Bazyoun - Ain Al Delbeh

Etymology, Almat

In Phoenician the name means girl or young woman; the town being one of the stations for grieving over Adonis. In the Semitic language, 'Alm' means darkness, disappearance, concealment, sexual maturation, and adolescence. In Syriac, however, it means world, age, generation, and eternity.

Historical overview

Almat was one of the places where women used to grieve over Adonis on the road from Jbeil up to the temple of Venus in Afqa where rituals for the worship of Adonis were carried out.

Etymology, Ain Al Delbeh

The name refers to a Platanus tree (Delbeh) that grew beside a water spring (Ain).

Historical overview

Monuments found in Ain Al Delbeh indicate that the town was a summer retreat for Adonis.

Sites to visit:

In Almat: There are three mosques and three Husseiniyas that are worth visiting.

In Ain Al Delbeh: Saydet El Midane new parish church – Saydet El Midane archeological church: Its name refers to the spacious field beside it, and the remains of Mashnaka's old bend where was constructed a pagan temple. Inside and around it are found archeological rocks – The town's Husseiniya.

How to spend your time:

In Almat
Go hunting, in accordance with the laws.
Go for a walk or climb the mountain.

In Ain Al Delbeh
Climb the hills and hunt, in accordance with the laws.
Stock up on vegetables and fruits and some traditional Lebanese provisions.
Pick wild thyme and sage.

Almat is known for

A grotto where the Mebaaj spring flow. It is a touristic site.

The Freezer, a grotto at the top of the mountain that retains its snow throughout the year.
Its agricultural products from apples to grains to different vegetables, grown according to traditional and modern methods.

Ain Al Delbeh is known for

Being a meeting point for the surrounding villages (Karkraya – Janna – Forat – Torzaya – Almat – Ain Jrein).
Overlooking the steep Nahr Ibrahim valley.

Institutions
In Almat:
Mayor and Municipal Council – Public school – sports club – agricultural cooperative – Dispensary – Jaafari Islamic court.
In Ain Al Delbeh: Mayor Council - Adonis Sports association.

KFARMASHOUN – EDDE

Altitude: Edde 210 m. – Kfarmashoun 300 m.
Distance from district: Edde 4 km – Kfarmashoun 5 km
Distance from capital: Edde 35 km – Kfarmashoun 36 km
Population: Edde 300 – Kfarmashoun 840

How to reach it?
Jbeil – the old Djej bridge – Edde - Kfarmashoun

Etymology, Kfarmashoun

In Syriac “Kfar” means village, the second part of the name meaning to wash.

Etymology, Edde

ED in Hebrew means fog. The word might be derived from the noun Iddo mentioned in the Torah, which means the strong, mighty and firm. It can also be derived from Ide, meaning power and control, or direction and side.

Historical overview Edde used to be an extension of Byblos city (Jbeil) in old times. This is what the uncovered artifacts show, as Edde was one of the pagan worship centers in Jbeil, which temples were converted later on into churches. 

Sites to visit

In Kfarmashoun: St. Abda old church. St. Charbel the Martyr's church: It dates back to the end of the nineteenth century. The hostel of the young Girl of Lebanon which receives camps and apostolic, cultural and social movements.

In Edde: Saint George Church: A historical church, dating back to the Phoenician era. Its outer courtyard contains pillars and stones dating back to the pagan era. Saint Lishaa Church: Situated north of Edde, its architecture is a proof of its ancient origins. St John the Baptist Church and Saint Tedros church: are two side-to-side churches that appear as one building. The remains surrounding the building link it to pagan worship. St Michael and Gabriel Church: A double church. Our Lady of Doka: was a pagan structure later converted to a church consecrated to Our Lady, since the first Christian generations.

How to spend your time:

In Kfarmashoun: Take part in the camps organized by the nuns and learn hand-crafts. Enjoy a spiritual retreat, meditation and prayer and participate in local celebrations.

In Edde: Take part in Saint Lishaa religious celebrations. Take part in the various activities the club holds year-round.

Kfarmashoun and Edde are known for

Their agricultural crops of almonds, fruits and vegetables, and their mild weather.

Institutions:
In Kfarmashoun: Mayor Council – Public school – Convent for the Sacred Sacrament Sisters – Public library – Sports club.
In Edde:
Municipal and Mayor Council – Sports, educational and social club – Public technical school.

Continue - KHARBEH – HAKEL - Continue

 

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